To be transparent to readers, any source of potential bias or conflict of interest should be identified.1 According to ICMJE, authors are responsible for disclosing all financial and personal relationships (including consultancies and speakers bureaus or fees) that might bias their work. To prevent ambiguity, authors must state explicitly whether potential conflicts do or do not exist.
Authors need to disclose whether they had writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. This information will be included at the end of the published article. Any other financial and material support should also be acknowledged. Each author must disclose any financial interest in products mentioned in the manuscript or in companies that manufacture the products as well as any compensation received for producing the manuscript. Authors should inform the editor via email if they received an honorarium for developing the manuscript and/or if a medical writer or communication company was utilized in any way in the preparation of the manuscript.
A manuscript that originated as a thesis or dissertation prepared by an author on an educational scholarship must cite the name of the scholarship. In general, this disclosure will not preclude publication in CJON, providing that the manuscript meets the appropriate standards for acceptance. This information will be shared with CJON reviewers and readers.
1 Graf, C., Wagner, E., Bowman, A., Fiack, S., Scott-Lichter, D., & Robinson, A. (2007). Best practice guidelines on publication ethics: A publisher's perspective. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 61 (Suppl. 152), 1–26.